Singing helps special needs pupils in UK
在英國 , 歌唱幫助有特殊需求的未成年學生
By Sarah Jewell
THE GUARDIAN , LONDON
Saturday, Mar 06, 2010, Page 9
Singing helps children outside mainstream education to develop, become more confident and integrate with their peers, says a new study from the national singing program for England and Wales called Sing Up. The report, “Beyond the Mainstream,” is a comprehensive assessment of the success of their 14 pilot programs across the two countries that were designed to reach more than 800 children with different needs who are schooled outside of mainstream primaries.
一項來自英格蘭和威爾士稱為”開懷高歌”的國際歌唱計畫最新的研究顯示 ， 唱歌能幫助兒童發展主流以外的教育， 使其更加自信地融入他們的同儕團體。 “超越主流” 的報告，他們的14個領航計劃是一個橫跨兩個國家成功的綜合性評估,被設計的目的是觸及超過 800多名受過主流之外的基礎教育訓練之不同需求的兒童。
These children included those with special educational needs, children who attend short stay schools, looked- after children, refugees and asylum seekers, young carers, children with physical disabilities and children with emotional and behavioral difficulties and mental health problems. The projects ranged from the Sound Minds “Songs from the South” project, which worked with children with mental health problems, to the Plymouth Music Zone project for children with profound and multiple learning disabilities in the southwest of England, which used vocal looping technology to help engage with children who were unable to use their voices.
這些兒童包括那些需要特殊教育的兒童，參加短期進修學校，兒童看顧，避難所和精神尋求庇護者，年輕的照顧者，身體殘疾的兒童和有情緒與行為困難及心理疾患的兒童。這些計畫的範圍從曾與心理疾患的兒童工作之 聲音心智 “南方之歌” 計畫，到英格蘭西南部為重度多重學習障礙的兒童提供的普利茅斯音樂地帶計畫，它使用聲帶循環技術幫助吸引那些無法使用自己聲音的兒童。
The feedback was very positive and researchers found the various projects helped children with their self-confidence and self-esteem, sense of achievement and also their social interactions. Singing also acted as a leveler, helping the children to mix with their peers in mainstream schools.
“It was good to work with the mainstream primary as our children were given a huge confidence boost by discovering they were just as capable as their mainstream peers,” one project leader who worked with children about to enter the education system for the first time said.
Some children said they now felt “confident to stand up and sing a solo” and “proud of their final performance,” while their teachers noticed that the children were growing more confident as a whole and that this was helping them to integrate with other children, as well as be clearer and more confident in stating their own needs.
有些孩子說，他們現在覺得 “能自信自立並獨唱 ” 並”對最終表現感到自豪”，而他們的老師發現，總體上孩子們變得越來越有信心，這是幫助他們融入其他兒童，除此之外能更清楚和更有信心地指出自己的需要。
Singing in groups also helped children who found it difficult to socialize or make new friends, by giving them a focus and encouraging them to work together in a non-threatening environment. As part of the “Songs from the South” project, they found that one child who had not had any previous significant peer relationships developed a “joking relationship” with two other young people. This was a considerable achievement for this child and the project had other similar success stories.
There was also an improved attitude to learning — 13 out of 14 projects, for example, said children’s concentration had become “better” or “much better.”
也有用改進態度來學習 – 舉例說 : 14個計畫當中有13個顯示，孩子們的專注力變得很好或更好。”
Many projects saw children showing a marked improvement in musical and vocal language and technique. This was not only useful for children as a skill and a link into the mainstream curriculum, but it also helped to foster a sense of pride and achievement, a sense that they had become “good at something” and were recognized for that.
In almost all of the projects, the partnerships were key to their success.
“The pilots have shown us that solid partnerships that focus on the different organizations and individuals involved in a child’s life are the lifeblood of successful outcomes for children outside mainstream education,” Baz Chapman, Sing Up program director, said.
”開懷高歌”的計畫主持人巴茲查普曼說: “ 領航者已告訴我們，側重於不同的組織和個體參與孩童生活的穩固夥伴關係，是主流教育以外的兒童成功果實的命脈，”。
Good training is essential to make these partnerships work.
“From social workers to foster carers to teachers in short stay schools, training and development has played an essential role in helping them to transform the lives of the children in their care, and Sing Up’s strong workforce development program will continue this work beyond the pilots,” Chapman said.
查普曼說: ” 從社會工作者，寄養照顧到短暫停留學校的教師，培訓和發展也扮演了重要的角色，以使在他們的照顧之下 幫助他們改善兒童的生活，且開懷高歌發展計畫堅強的全體陣容也將繼續此工作以超越領航者。”